E3S Web Conf.
Volume 97, 2019XXII International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Hydrotechnical Construction and Melioration|
|Published online||29 May 2019|
Methods of forecasting calculations of breakthrough wave at hydrodynamic accidents waterstorage dam
Kazakh National Agrarian University
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article gives the method of calculation of water storages dam at hydro technical accidents.
From natural disasters floods (flooding of water in the area and settlements) by the frequency of occurrence of the phenomenon, the area of distribution and the annual material damage ranked first. Moreover, in recent years, the world has seen an increase in the number and extent of floods and the associated social and economic losses. Both at present and in the foreseeable future, floods as a natural disaster cannot be completely prevented everywhere and everywhere, they can only be weakened, localized and with timely warning to minimize material damage. Therefore, one of the largest floods in recent years, that occurred in the West Kazakhstan region in the spring of 2011 and which took place without casualties, resulted in the allocation of more than 19 billion tenge in damage recovery from damage. Unplanned and inconsistent with general measures during floods and floods, the descent of these reservoirs can exacerbate the effects of flooding. The technical condition of the channel dams is especially dangerous. In case of possible accidents on these dams, many settlements, thousands of enterprises, millions of hectares of agricultural land can get into the affected area.
Based on the results of full-scale leveling surveys, forecasting calculations of the breakthrough of the water reservoir dams of Bartogay, Kapshagay and Kurty hydrounits have made.
Attached graphics show a dependence of water consumption at the dam breakthrough on the distance from the dam gates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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