E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Modeling of Hydrogeochemical and Ore Formation Processes|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
2D reactive transport simulations of mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems
Earth & Planetary Sciences Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
2 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Water-rock interactions in mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems are a critical part of Earth system evolution. Extensive insights have been developed from vent fluid chemistry and laboratory experiments, but these leave unanswered many questions about the temporal evolution and spatial structure of the hydrothermal systems that can only be addressed with reactive transport simulations. Other issues are the effects of changing spreading rates and seawater chemistry through Earth history. We are addressing this problem using the Toughreact code, starting with 2D static (no seafloor spreading) simulations of the near-axis region where most of the interaction occurs. The simulations use a dual-permeability grid to represent fractured rocks, and also have a formulation for Sr isotope exchange. Vent fluid Ca, Mg, SO4, and Na concentrations and Sr isotopes can be used as a guide to fluid chemical evolution. Initial simulations reproduce modern vent fluid chemistry even with maximum temperature only at 380°C, and suggest that fluids need not be in equilibrium with the rocks at any point in the system. Model fluids continue to evolve chemically even in the upflow zone prior to venting. The effects of different seawater chemical composition, as proposed for the Cretaceous, for example, can be captured with charge-balance models.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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