E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Geochemical Cycles of Elements and Global Environmental Changes|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Role of sulfuric acid in chemical weathering of carbonate rocks for evaluating of carbon sinks in the Yangtze River Basin, China
Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Guilin, 541004 China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Chemical weathering of rock by river systems is an important process in the global carbon cycle. Sulfuric acid produced from anthropogenic sources in the Yangtze River basin of China has the potential to change rock weathering processes and the carbon cycle. Monitoring and analysis of the dissolved constituents of the main channel and major tributaries of the Yangtze River indicate that the sulfuric acid has enhanced the carbonate rock weathering rate by an average of 28% and reduced the CO2 consumption rate by 12%. Analysis of dissolved sources for SO42- in the Yangtze River indicates that 36% of SO42- can be attributed to rainwater, 26% to dissolution of evaporitic rocks, and 38% to input from coal. Calculations indicate that the annual output flux of CO2 from the Yangtze River Basin to the sea is 3495×104 tons, 80% of which is attributed to the weathering of carbonate rocks. Whilst the average consumption rate of atmospheric CO2 is 20.6 t/km2 y-1.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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