E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geochemistry of Natural Waters: From Atmospheric Precipitations to Deep Brines|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Hydrogeochemistry of Groundwater from Kazaure Area, NW Nigeria using Multivariate Statistics
Department of Geology, Rabiu Musa College of Advanced Remedial Studies, Kano, Nigeria
2 College of New Energy and Environment, Jilin U., 2519, Jiefang Road, Changchun 130021, PR China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study was aimed at understanding the factors affecting groundwater for the benefit of water resources management. Groundwater collected from 18 sites over an area of 770 Km2 was analysed. Temperature (Temp.), pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Electrical Conductivity (EC) were measured in the field and 15 chemical parameters analysed in the laboratory. Factor Analysis (FA) of physiochemical results indicated mineralization, weathering of silicates and K-feldspar, and anthropogenic sources were mainly responsible for groundwater chemistry. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) revealed sample clusters were mainly controlled by structure rather than by lithology, water source or altitude because 86% of cluster I samples occurred along a NNE-SSW trending fault zone. It was thus concluded that water-rock interaction, tectonics and anthropogenic factors are responsible for water physiochemistry.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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