E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Geological, Hydrogeological and Geochemical Aspects|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Experimental study of multicomponent diffusion in low permeable sediments
Faculty of Geology, Department of Hydrogeology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, GSP-1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119899, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Diffusion coefficients for Na+ and distribution coefficients for Cs+, Ba2+, Ni2+, CO2+, Sr2+ were measured on low permeable samples (3 cm diameter, average length 7 cm) from the deep disposal site Siberian Chemical Combine (SSC) using the end-diffusion technique. The direction of diffusion was perpendicular to bedding. Special equipment for experiment were designed and constructed. Two types of concentration observation were used. For non-sorbing Na+ in time used EC sensors and length distribution of sorbed elements. The synthetic solution used in the experiments was a model of low-activity contaminant of the SSC, and consist NaNO3 (25 g/l) and nitrate compounds: Cs+, Ba2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Sr2+ (100 mg/l each). The measured values of the effective diffusion coefficients De) for Na+ from 7.60×10-7 to 1.51×10-5 m2/day and volumetric dimensionless distribution coefficients (Kdρ) are: Cs+ from 0.21 to 22.1, Ba2+ from 1.1 to 1.45, Ni2+ from 0.3 to 16.4, Co2+ from 1.98 to 24.7, Sr2+ from 1.9 to 14.3. The values of the diffusion coefficient show a large degree of variability. The diffusion coefficients of non-sorbing Na+ measured in this study are in good agreement with pore-scale diffusion simulation on microtomography data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.