E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Advances in Analytical Techniques for the Study of Water-Rock Interaction|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Microscale effects of oxygen and light on bacterial sulfate reduction in organic-rich lacustrine sediments
Biotechnology and Natural Resources Section, Institute for Regional Development (IDR), University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Campus Universitario s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain
* Corresponding author: JuanJose.Gomez@uclm.es
Biogeochemical cycling involves the exchange of electrons between chemical species through redox reactions. Microorganisms can utilize energy released by redox reactions for their metabolism following a thermodynamic sequence. Among these reactions, the dissimilatory reduction of sulfate (SO42−) to produce hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is one of the most important microbially-mediated pathways. The use of microelectrodes at the water-sediment interface provided a better understanding of sulfate reduction processes in the suboxic and anoxic zones. The goal of this study was to assess the microzonation of H2S and O2 under different conditions of light and oxygen in the water column. For this purpose, organic-rich lacustrine sediments from Pétrola Lake (SE Spain) were used. Sediment incubations were performed in mesocosm devices. The highest production of H2S (up to 0.36 nmol/cm-3s-1) was observed under anoxic and dark conditions. Production under those conditions was several orders of magnitude higher than those measured when oxygen was present in the water column. Furthermore, the absence of O2 in the water column significantly altered the microzonation of H2S in depth. The absence of light seems not to affect the dynamics of O2 and H2S in depth. The study contributes to our understanding of microzonation in organic-rich sediments.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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