E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geochemical Cycles of Elements and Global Environmental Changes|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
The influence of land use on nitrogen and sulfur turnover: a microbial approach
Biotechnology and Natural Resources Section, Institute for Regional Development (IDR), University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Campus Universitario s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain
2 Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Biochemistry, UCLM, Avenida Carlos III s/n, 45071 Toledo, Spain
* Corresponding author: Yolanda.Espin@alu.uclm.es
Saline lakes are subject to numerous environmental impacts related to human activities. Pollution is one of the major threats to water bodies, since it produces the increase of nitrogen and sulfur contents, changing the chemical and biological conditions of the ecosystem. Microbially mediated redox processes exert a fundamental control on nutrient and contaminant turnover. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the influence of land use on the microbial communities responsible for N and S turnover in the lacustrine sediments from Pétrola Lake (SE Spain) disturbed by anthropogenic activities (agriculture, farming, mining, and wastewaters). To reach this goal, chemical and molecular tools (sequencing of 16S rDNA gene) were applied. The results showed the influence of land use on the chemistry and microbial community structure of the sediments from the saline lake. Compared to natural conditions, wastewater and mining showed the largest differences in terms of microbial structure as a result of salinity. These findings provide better understanding of how land use affects the water chemistry and the abundance of organisms responsible for nutrient turnover.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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