E3S Web Conf.
Volume 109, 2019International Conference Essays of Mining Science and Practice
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||09 July 2019|
Analytical presentation of the separation of dense suspension for the extraction of amber
Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 49005, Dnipro, Simferopolska Str., 2a, Ukraine
2 National University of Water Management and Nature Resources Use, 33028, Rivne, Soborna Str., 11, Ukraine
3 PrAT “Higher Educational Institution “Interregional Academy of Personnel Management”, 03039, Kyiv, Frometivska Str., 2, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
New devices were developed to increase the extraction of amber, especially with the size less than 5 mm, which can not be extracted at the present time. They are made on the basis of a hydraulic spiral classifier using vibration and bubbling with air bubbles. Analytical formulas are needed to calculate such devices, in first, for free motion of particles, then the constrained motion, and then to determine the effect of vibration and bubbling on the speed. This article discussed the first part of the problem – hydrodynamics of free movement of amber and quartz particles in a mixture of amber sand-clay rocks with water. The technique and formulas of calculation of kinematic viscosity and speed of movement are given. The dependences of the kinematic viscosity and the speed of free deposition of quartz and free ascent of amber on the density of the suspension for particles size less than 5 mm are obtained. The non-linear character of the dependence of the speed of ascent of amber from the density of the suspension is set. The results obtained are the basis for the calculation constructional parameters and technological characteristics of the hydraulic classifiers of new construction.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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