E3S Web Conf.
Volume 109, 2019International Conference Essays of Mining Science and Practice
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||09 July 2019|
Hypothesis of orogenesis
Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 49000, Dnipro, Simferopolska Str., 2a, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The mechanism of mountain forming is based on the phenomenon of the formation of compressive normal horizontal stresses exceeding gravitational. These stresses are due to contact friction between the layers of rocks. To reveal the mechanism of mountain forming, the vector method of the body equilibrium on the path of maximum effective tangential stresses of a triangular element is used, taking into account the external and internal forces acting on it. It is shown that the total vector of these forces, taking into account internal and contact friction, is directed against the gravitational force and generates mountain forming. A generalization of experimental observations on the elevation of rock structures and anomalous manifestations of rock pressure is given.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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