E3S Web Conf.
Volume 201, 2020Ukrainian School of Mining Engineering - 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||23 October 2020|
Mining of rich iron ore deposits of complex structure under the conditions of rock pressure development
1 Kryvyi Rih National University, Department of Underground Mining of Mineral Deposit, 11 Matusevycha St., 50027 Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
2 Kryvyi Rih National University, Department of labor protection and civil security, 11 Matusevycha St., 50027 Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
3 National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Department of Development of Deposits and Mining, 11 Soborna St., 33028 Rivne, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The purpose of research is to increase the ore mass extraction ratio when mining rich iron ores by changing the shape of the stope chamber, as well as to substantiate its stable parameters under the conditions of the rock pressure manifestation. Used in mines existing methodologies for determining the structural elements of mining system are based on calculated equivalent spans of outcropping the stope chambers, which have a rectangular or tent shape. For the first time using the ANSYS software package, it has been determined that the formation of a compensation chamber of quasi-parabolic shape can significantly reduce the stresses concentration around the stope block. Thus, the formation of a stope chamber of a quasi-parabolic shape makes it possible to reduce vertical stresses as compared to horizontal ones without increasing horizontal pressure. When mining the extraction block, it is proposed to form the stope chamber of a quasi-parabolic shape with geometric parameters that directly depend on the parameters of the deposit, the depth of mining, and the direction of main stresses action. Dependences have been determined of the stresses value on the depth of mining and the physical properties of rocks, as well as on the length along the strike of the ore deposit. Thus, depending on the mining depth and length along the strike, rock pressure on the stope chamber of a quasi-parabolic shape decreases under non-uniform loading. The formation of a stope chamber of a quasi-parabolic shape will increase by 1.2 – 1.5 times the volume of pure ore that is recovered from the block.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
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