E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced HVAC&R&S Technology|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Numerical Analysis of Air Flow in a Modular Fan Unit Using CFD Simulation
1 CTU Prague, University Centre for Energy Efficient Buildings, Czech Republic
2 ALTEKO ltd., Hostomice, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The current regulation of European Commission No. 1253/2014 regarding Ecodesing requirements for ventilation units, which classified them based on the Specific Fan Power (SFP), has been driving the innovation in the sector of air-handling systems. The required energy saving can be met by applying modern and energy efficient Electronically Commutated (EC) motor which, at the same time, significantly change the internal geometry of the fan unit. The paper deals with design of a new type of modular fan unit ALTEKO Alton with EC motor and unhoused backward curved impeller. The design development and optimization of the fan unit leading to the reduction of generated aerodynamic noise, lower pressure loss and better outflow characteristics is supported by the Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) simulations, which enables visualization of air streamlines, velocities and pressure contours within the unit. Such a design is an iterative process between CFD specialist and construction team, where, based on the simulated results, the critical spots are identified, the geometry is improved and again verified throughout the CFD simulation. The paper describes in detail the individual steps of the optimization study, starting with the import of the detailed geometry from the design CAD software and its necessary simplification for the use in the CFD study, meshing of the model and consequent simulation. The methods of the fan rotation approximation are discussed as well. Additionally, the optimum position of heat exchanger in front of the fan unit is addressed. The presented work is a part of a project supported by the EU under the Operational Program Enterprise and Innovation for Competitiveness.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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