E3S Web Conf.
Volume 312, 202176th Italian National Congress ATI (ATI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
An engineering approach for the fast simulation of radial inflow turbines with vaneless spiral casing by single-channel CFD models
1 University of Padova, Department of Industrial Engineering – DII - Padova, Italy
2 University of Padova, Department of Management and Engineering – DTG - Vicenza, Italy
The basic RANS-CFD analysis of the simplest radial-inflow turbine configuration is the subject of this paper. An original technique is here proposed to model the effect of the vaneless spiral casing using single-channel CFD calculations and providing an effective alternative to the more complex simulation of the 360-degree domain otherwise required to simulate this turbine configuration. The aim of the paper is to verify the effectiveness of the proposed modelling technique as a reliable engineering approach conceived to support the preliminary design phase of radial-inflow turbines with time-effective CFD calculations. To this end, the open-source CFD code MULTALL has been used to predict the aerodynamic performance of optimal designs of radial-inflow turbines with different specific speed and diameter and working with air as ideal gas. The MULTALL predictions are compared with the corresponding steady-state results obtained by calculations suited to the preliminary assessment of radial turbines designs performed on fully 360-degree turbine domains using the commercial code Star CCM+®. The investigation is conducted on two turbines that are designed in accordance with a widely validated method. The results show that the proposed CFD approach predicts well the trends and values of the aerodynamic performance of both the turbine designs: a 5% overestimation of the performance predicted by the fully 360-degree CFD models was never exceeded. The suggested turbine modelling approach implemented in MULTALL requires a three times lower computation time than the corresponding traditional 360-degree model.
Key words: CFD / radial turbines / preliminary design of turbomachinery / Multall
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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