E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Advanced HVAC&R&S Technology|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Simulations on arrangements of induced jet-fans as auxiliary ventilation for a mechanical ventilated space with openings
1 School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, China
2 Key Laboratory of Performance Evolution and Control for Engineering Structures of Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Underground garages, indoor stadiums, or more commonly used seagoing ships, can be used as large multi-purpose spaces, which are suitable for the carriage of a wide range of cargoes, as well as evacuation of people at overseas. The indoor environment in a multi-purpose cabin usually varies, in terms of pollutant emissions, hazardous levels and the corresponding ventilation requirements. A possible solution, in addition to a single regular HVAC system, is to use multiple induced jet fans. However, to pre-determine a universal design of fans, e.g., numbers, locations, directions, angles and flowrates, etc., may not be practical. In this preliminary work, methods to design the auxiliary ventilation system were discussed. The heat sources are located in the four corners on the floor. CFD method is used to further study the effects of six regular and four irregular arrangements of a 2×2 array of fans on local heat dilution with or without natural ventilation (e.g., additional openings in the space). Heat exhaust efficiency is used to evaluate the effects of different arrangements of fans on local heat dilution. The results show that adjustable ventilation using induced fans would be useful to provide various airflow distribution for a large space and the dilution of the heat can be improved and the areas of high temperature inside the space can be reduced. Furthermore, the heat exhaust efficiency would be higher and the induced fans have a more significant effect, especially when additional natural ventilation is available.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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