E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Indoor Environment Quality and Others|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Characteristics of airborne transmission under stratum ventilation
International Center for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The objective of this study is to investigate the characteristics of airborne spread of exhaled droplet nuclei between two occupants in a space conditioned by a horizontal air distribution method, known as stratum ventilation. Experiments were conducted in a full-scale climate chamber. Two breathing thermal manikins were used to simulate a standing infected person and a standing exposed person, respectively. Tracer gas (N2O) was added into the air exhaled by the infected manikin. The tracer gas concentrations in the air inhaled by the exposed manikin and at the ventilation exhaust were continuously monitored. ACH was kept at 2 h-1. The variables in the experiments include the positioning of the manikins, the distance between manikins, and the room air temperature. The horizontal supply airflow to the breathing zone strongly intensifies the mixing between the flow of exhalation and the room air, which reduces the exposure risk of occupants at close proximity and flattens the risk-distance curves. The homogenization of concentration weakens considerably the importance of the relative positioning and location of the infected and exposed persons. All those characteristics of airborne transmission may not be maintained, however, if the horizontal supply jet does not interact directly with the occupants. The findings from this study are intended to contribute for better understanding of airborne transmission indoors.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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