E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Indoor Environment Quality and Others|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Odor Problems in Toilets with Reduced Ventilation Frequencies
1 Shibaura Institute of Technology, 3-7-5 Toyosu, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8548 Japan
2 Mitsubishi Jisho Sekkei Inc., Marunouti 2-chome Building, 2-5-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0005 Japan
3 Shinryo Corporation, 2-4 Yotsuya, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8510 Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Japan’s toilets are generally ventilated 15 times per hour. Despite the development in toilets, the ventilation frequency in toilets has not been changed in recent times. Therefore, there is a possibility that toilets are being excessively ventilated. Reducing the ventilation frequency increases the return air to the heat exchanger and improves the efficiency of the heat exchanger. For an optimal ventilation frequency, we introduce a system that could control the exhaust air using sensors. The primary issue is the odor caused by reducing the ventilation frequency. In this study, we aim to eliminate the odor as quickly as possible by providing an exhaust port at the bottom of the wall (hereinafter referred as “baseboard deodorization”). First, we examined the relationship among the odor sensor, human’s olfactory odor identification and ventilation volumes with the toilet in operation to verify the usefulness of the sensors. Next, the air environment was analyzed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The results of the measurements and questionnaire survey indicate a correlation between the degree of contamination in the air and the odor intensity. The CFD analyses demonstrated, even after the frequency of ventilation reduced to 5 times per hour, that the ammonia concentration obtained was equivalent to 15 times per hour. To solve the odor problem due to the ventilation reduction, it is important to evacuate air immediately after the odor is generated. Among others, it was observed that a baseboard deodorization system contributes significantly to the reduction in ammonia concentration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.