E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Indoor Environment Quality and Others|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Evaluation of Short-Distance Airborne Infection Risk Using a Cough Generator
1 Waseda University, 169-8555 Shinjuku-ku Tokyo, Japan
2 Kajima Corporation, 107-8388 Minato-ku Tokyo, Japan
3 Showa Women’s University, 154-8533 Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan
4 Shinryo Corporation, 160-8510, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
5 Juntendo University, 113-8421 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Short-distance airborne infections are often thought to occur by large droplets or direct contact. Recent studies have investigated the phenomenon of short-range airborne infection. In this study, the effect of relative humidity and short-distance exposure to cough droplet nuclei were evaluated. The evaluation model for infection risk was designed based on experimental data and previous studies and included sampling efficiency and virus survival rate. As observed in the comparison between short-range exposure and long-range exposure, the short-range exposure to the droplet nuclei by one cough was equivalent to a long-range exposure of several seconds to, depending on the number of ventilations, even for a momentary high-concentration exposure. This suggests the possibility of an infection risk corresponding to the receiving condition. Since short-range exposure and long-range exposure have different factors affecting the risk of infection, it is suggested that effective infection control should be selected for each condition. The risk of infection due to long-range exposure is considered to be sufficiently reduced to that of a single cough if the building meets the necessary number of ventilations. It was suggested that the influence of relative humidity on infection risks is smaller than other factors such as ventilation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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