E3S Web Conf.
Volume 112, 20198th International Conference on Thermal Equipment, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2019)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||20 August 2019|
Rain Use Efficiency in Southern Romania after Using the Device for Soil Modelling in Interrupted Furrows for Weeding Crops -DMBC-5
National Research -Development Institute for Machines and Installations Designed to Agriculture and Food Industry, 6 Ion Ionescu de la Brad Blv., 013813 Bucharest, Sector 1, Romania
2 AQUAPROIECT, 294 Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest, 060031, Bucharest, Romania
3 University ”POLITEHNICA” Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering, 313 Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest, 060042, Romania
4 SCDA Mărculeşti, Calarasi, Romania (Agricultural Research and Development Resort Marculesti, Calarasi, Romania)
5 INCDPM, Bucharest, Romania (The National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection, 294 Splaiul Independentei, 6th District, 060031, Bucharest, Romania)
6 ICDPP, Bucuresti, Romania (Research -Development Institute for Protection Plant, 8 Ion Ionescu de la Brad Blv., 013813 Bucharest, Sector 1, Romania)
7 Ion Ionescu de la Brad" University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Iasi, Romania (3, Mihail Sadoveanu Alley, Iasi, 700490, Romania)
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The global impact of climate change, with the potential to affect agriculture through changes in temperature, rainwater distribution and amount, leads to the need to develop integrated technologies that increase rain use efficiency and support soil and environmental quality, ensuring higher agricultural outputs with lower costs. Soil modeling in interrupted furrows is a very efficient rainwater harvesting system, but has not yet been scientifically assessed for the conditions in Southern Romania as the other soil working systems have been. For this purpose, a soil modeling device consisting of a frame with triangle for coupling to the tractor, wheels for adjusting and limiting the working depth, soil loosening knives, ridge ploughs and furrow compartmenting equipment was compared with the conventional technology for sunflower culture in two localities in Southern Romania: Crânguri in Giurgiu County and Mărculeşti in Calarasi County. The device for soil modeling in interrupted furrows for weeding crops provides a viable option that has positive effects on soil properties and ensures increased crop yields compared to conventional works as well as the opportunity to increase the efficiency of water recovery in agriculture by harvesting rainwater.
Key words: soil modelling / interrupted furrows / water conservation in soil / rain use efficiency.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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