E3S Web Conf.
Volume 112, 20198th International Conference on Thermal Equipment, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||20 August 2019|
Heavy metals contamination of the soil – water – vegetables chain in the Ilfov region
IBA -National Research and Development Institute for Food Bioresources, Bucharest
2 ICPA -National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Environment
3 ECOIND -National Research and Development Institute for Industrial Ecology
4 INMA -National Institute of Research -Development for Machines and Installations designed to Agriculture and Food Industry, Bucharest
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dietary exposure to several heavy metals such as Cd, Cr, Pb, As represents a risk to human health through the consumption of vegetables. Due to the possible risks for the human body, contamination of soils as well as drinking and irrigation water has been the subject of many researches.
In this study, the analysis of heavy metals content from soil, water and vegetable samples from households in Ilfov County it was carried out. As a result, no contamination of soil and water with heavy metals was observed.
Cadmium content is above the maximum allowable limit for all analyzed vegetables, excepting cabbage and green onion. Two lettuce samples have an alarmingly high content of lead, the values being even 10 times higher than the maximum admissible limit of 0.3 mg/kg. The high values obtained for chromium content in lettuce and radish samples raise serious questions about possible contamination. Arsenic content values ranged between 0.87 and 7.69 mg/kg, which also represents high values. Based on the transfer factor (TF) calculated the strongest accumulation of the metals was in lettuce.
Key words: Heavy metals / contamination / soil / water / vegetables
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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