E3S Web Conf.
Volume 113, 2019SUPEHR19 SUstainable PolyEnergy generation and HaRvesting Volume 1
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Thermal and Electrical Hybrid Systems|
|Published online||21 August 2019|
Surge prevention in gas turbines: an overview over historical solutions and perspectives about the future
University of Genoa, Thermochemical Power group (TPG), 16145 Genoa, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The aim of the present work is to retrace experimental, analytical and numerical analyses which deal with compressor instability phenomena, such as rotating stall and surge. While the first affects only the machine itself, the second involves the whole energy system. Surge onset is characterized by strong pressure and mass flow rate fluctuations which can even lead to reverse flow through the compressor. Experimental studies on prevention of axial compressor fluid dynamic instabilities, which can be propagated and eventually damage the solid structure, have been carried out by many authors. The first important studies on this topic tried to underline the main aspects of the complex detailed mechanism of surge, by replacing the compression system with an equivalent conceptual lumped parameter model. This is specially meant to capture the unsteady behaviour and the transient response of the compression system itself, particularly its dependence on variations in the volume of discharge downstream and in the settings of the throttle valve at its outlet (which simulates the actual load coupled to the compressor). Greitzer’s model is still regarded as the milestone for new investigations about active control and stabilization of surge and, more generally, about active suppression of aerodynamic instabilities in turbomachinery. During the last years, a lot of simulations and experimental studies about surge have been conducted on multistage centrifugal compressors with different architectures (e.g. equipped with vaneless or vaned diffusers). Moreover, further kinds of analysis try to extend the stable working zone of compressors, identifying stall and surge precursors extractable from information contained in the vibro-acoustical and rotodynamic response of the system.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.