E3S Web Conf.
Volume 114, 2019International Conference of Young Scientists “Energy Systems Research 2019”
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||04 September 2019|
Metal hydride technologies for renewable energy
1 Joint institute for high temperatures RAS, Krasnokazarmennaya str. 17a, Moscow, Russia
2 National Research University "Moscow Power Engineering Institute" Krasnokazarmennaya str. 14, Russia
Significant progress in the installation of renewable energy requires the improvement of energy production and storage technologies. Hydrogen energy storage systems based on reversible metal hydride materials can be used as an energy backup system. Metal hydride hydrogen storage systems are distinguished by a high degree of safety of their use, since hydrogen is stored in a solid phase, a high volumetric density of stored hydrogen, and the possibility of long-term storage without losses. A distinctive feature of metal hydride materials is the reversible and selective absorption and release of high-purity hydrogen. This paper presents experimental studies of LaNi5-based metal hydride materials with a useful hydrogen capacity of 1.0–1.3 wt.% H2 with equilibrium pressures of 0.025 - 0.05 MPa and 0.1 - 1.2 MPa at moderate temperatures of 295 - 353 K for the hydrogen purification systems and hydrogen long-term storage systems, respectively. The applicability of metal hydride technologies for renewable energy sources as energy storage systems in the form of hydrogen is also shown.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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