E3S Web Conf.
Volume 123, 2019Ukrainian School of Mining Engineering - 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||22 October 2019|
On improving the efficiency of blasting operations in underground and open-pit mining
1 State Enterprise “Research-Industrial Complex “Pavlograd Chemical Plant”, 44 Zavodska St., 51402 Pavlohrad, Ukraine
2 Ukrainian State Chemical Technology University, Department of Inorganic Substances and Ecology, 8 Haharina Ave., 49005 Dnipro, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The purpose is to study the effect of microstructure defects of initiating explosives on the process of initiating detonation by a laser monopulse. The results of experimental studies and physico-mathematical modeling of the effect of microstructural defects in crystals of photosensitive initiating explosives under the action of a single laser pulse are given. The paper covers a brief analysis of the history of the issue being studied and physico-mathematical modeling using the theory of elastic scattering, i.e. Gustav Mie theory. The technique for determining the absorption cross section of laser radiation by micro-sized inclusions of explosive has been developed and tested. In experiments on explosives ignition using a laser monopulse, the laser monopulse shape was recorded, the energy distribution over the laser beam radius and the explosive ignition delay time were controlled. The basis is the proposed method of calculating the absorption cross section and intensity in terms of the laser radiation wavelength by the inclusion of an explosive with using the theory of elastic scattering of optical radiation on particles in micrometer size range. It is shown that the absorption properties of the particle essentially depend on the properties of the particle medium and the wavelength of radiation. For smoke particle within PETN the absorption for wavelength of laser radiation of 1.06 μm is stronger than for that of 0.69 μm. A different absorption occurs if a lead particle is within a lead azide: absorption for wavelength of 0.69 μm is twice as strong as for wavelength of 1.06 μm. During the manufacture of explosives the additional defects in the explosives microstructure are desired to be created to increase the efficiency of laser initiation. Findings are used in the development of technical specifications for the design of optical detonators for laser initiation systems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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