E3S Web Conf.
Volume 125, 2019The 4th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Epidemiology and Information System (ICENIS 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||28 October 2019|
Soil Erosion Modelling at Watershed Level in Indonesia: a Review
1 Master Program in Environmental Science, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
2 Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
3 Department of Oceanografy, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Soil erosion is one of the most serious degradation problems in the world, so in Indonesia. The average level of global soil erosion ranges from 12-15 Ton/ha/yr, or it can be said that there is a surface soil loss of 0.90-0.95 mm of land. While the watershed in Indonesia is 458 in which 60 are critically heavy, 222 critical and 176 potentially critical. An action is needed to reduce erosion rates which is one of the causes of damage to the watershed. Soil erosion modeling is a method used in estimating the amount of soil erosion that occurs in an area. Various models of soil erosion are developed with the aim of producing precise erosion estimates. This study will discuss soil erosion modeling (definition, classification of models and proceed) and a review of erosion assessment models that are widely used in Indonesia (USLE, MUSLE, RUSLE, and SWAT). By knowing each erosion estimation model, hope can be able to choose the right model according to the study to be conducted.
Key words: Erosion modeling / watershed / soil erosion
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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