E3S Web Conf.
Volume 133, 2019AG 2019 – 5th International Conference on Applied Geophysics
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Application of Geophysical Methods|
|Published online||25 November 2019|
Frequency bandwidth enhancement using continuous wavelet transform and random noise attenuation by f-xy filtering technique – a case study from Badin oilfield, Indus basin, Pakistan
1 Department of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
2 Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Routine seismic data processing does not always meet the quantitative interpreters’ expectations especially in areas like Badin, where prospective thin bed B – sand interval is ambiguous throughout the seismic volume. Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) provides detailed description of seismic signal in both time and frequency without compromising on window length and a fixed time-frequency resolution over time-frequency spectrum. We present enhancement of seismic data for effective interpretation using the bandwidth extension technique. Implementing bandwidth extension, the dominant frequency increases from 18 Hz to 30 Hz and the frequency content boosted from 40 Hz to 60 Hz. Noise inclusion by the technique was suppressed by F-XY predictive filter and F-XY deconvolution with edge preserve smoothing. Phase and spectral balancing were applied to partial angle stacks to stabilize the phase rotation across the 3D survey, particularly for far offset stack. Frequency was balanced using surface consistent spectrum balancing, and subjected to trace scaling for amplitudes balance and preservation. Results of the techniques yielded unique improvement on the data resolution and subtle information about the thin sand beds were better delineated. Tuning thickness analysis reveals the usefulness of bandwidth extension, with an increase of 30% in the resolving power of thin beds.
Key words: CWT / 3D F-XY filtering / Bandwidth extension / tuning thickness analysis
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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