E3S Web Conf.
Volume 135, 2019Innovative Technologies in Environmental Science and Education (ITESE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Energy Efficiency in the Transport Sector|
|Published online||04 December 2019|
Network high-performance grinding devices for ferromagnetic materials
Don State Technical University, Gagarin sq., 1, Rostov-on-Don, 344000, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The design features of the grinding devices that implement the impact destruction of the ferromagnetic materials particles in a magneto vibrating layer formed in a non-uniform magnetic field are considered. It is shown that when a magnetizable powder is affected by an alternating magnetic field with certain parameters, a magneto vibrating layer is formed, under the conditions of which, a random perturbing factor occurs. It is caused by the dipole particles clusters interactions and provides highefficient finish powder grinding. Methods for producing metal powders, which are distinguished according to the operating principle and to the requirements for the technological properties of the powders obtained, are analyzed. For coarse grinding, jaw, roller and cone crushers and mullers are used; at this, particles of 1-10 mm in size, which are the source material for fine grinding, are obtained. The finish grinding of the material obtained is carried out on the ball rotating, vibrating or planar centrifugal, vortex and hammer mills. The main drawback of these techniques of metal powder grinding is sticking of grinding body residue on the powder particles, which reduces the quality and operational properties of the powder. A relation to calculate the dependence of the fineness number of ferromagnetic materials on the induction gradient of an external variable magnetic field is proposed. The design features of an electromagnetic mill based on a screw drum that, due to the spatial orientation of its walls, ensures an effective movement of powder flows inside it, such as mixing, rotation, oncoming movement, translational motion and simultaneous advancement through the drum are presented. The concept and technological options of grinding powders in an electromagnetic mobile hammer mill are revealed, which enables to obtain a powder of a given particle size distribution with high uniformity. It is established that mills in which a magneto vibrating layer is implemented are more effective than mechanical ones: grinding of ferromagnetic powders in a magneto vibrating layer increases drastically the performance of the grinding process. Changing the parameters of the electromagnetic field, you can set an average particle size and the degree of homogeneity of the powder.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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