E3S Web Conf.
Volume 136, 20192019 International Conference on Building Energy Conservation, Thermal Safety and Environmental Pollution Control (ICBTE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Monitoring and Treatment of Water Pollution|
|Published online||10 December 2019|
Gradually increasing Petroleum content in Jiaozhou Bay waters
1 Accountancy School, Xijing University, Xian 710123, China ;
2 North China Sea Environmental Monitoring Center, SOA, Qingdao 266033, China ;
Based on the survey data of Jiaozhou Bay in May, August and October 1992, this paper studied PHC content in Jiaozhou Bay and its horizontal distribution in the surface layer. The results showed that PHC content in the waterbodyof Jiaozhou Bay in May, August and October ranged from 0.006mg/L to 0.075mg/L, which met the first-class, secondand thirdseawater quality standard in China. This fact indicatedthat the waters of Jiaozhou Bay were slightly polluted by PHCduring this period. In May, PHC content in the waterbody of Jiaozhou Bay ranged from 0.006mg/L to 0.070mg/L, showingthat itwasslightly polluted by PHC.The PHC content in the coastalwater at the entrance of Haibo River was 0.070mg/L, beingslightly polluted; The PHCcontent in the other waters of Jiaozhou Bay ranged from 0.006mg/L to 0.042mg/L, not polluted. In August, PHC content in the waterbody of Jiaozhou Bay ranged from 0.019mg/L to 0.056mg/L, slightly polluted by PHC. The PHC content in the central water of theeastern bay was 0.056mg/L, slightly polluted; The PHC content in the other waters of Jiaozhou Bay ranged from 0.019mg/L to 0.048mg/L, not polluted. In October, PHC content in the waterbody of Jiaozhou Bay ranged from 0.028mg/L to 0.075mg/L, showing that it wasslightly polluted by PHC. The PHC content in the coastalwaters at the entrance of Loushan River and Licun River ranged from 0.055mg/L to 0.075mg/L,slightly polluted; The other waters inside Jiaozhou Bay were not polluted. The PHC content in the water at the bay mouthof Jiaozhou Bay was 0.054mg/L, slightly polluted. There were three main sources of PHC in the waters of Jiaozhou Bay, namely oil spill transportation at sea, open sea current transportation and river flow transportation. The PHC content transported through oil spill ranged from 0.042mg/L to 0.056mg/L, that transported through open sea current was 0.054 mg/L, and that transported through river flow ranged from 0.046mg/L to 0.075mg/L. Among them, the PHC content transported through river flow from Loushan River was 0.075mg/L, that from Haibo River was 0.070mg/L, andthat from Dagu River was 0.046mg/L. The PHC content transported through oil spills at sea, open sea currents and river flows caused slight pollution. Therefore, from May to August and then to October, the continuous transportation of much PHC content into the waters of Jiaozhou Bay kept elevating the low level of PHC contentin the waters of Jiaozhou Bay.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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