E3S Web Conf.
Volume 137, 2019XIV Research & Development in Power Engineering (RDPE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||16 December 2019|
Improvements perspectives of cryogenics-based energy storage
Energy Engineering Department, Campus El Gouna, Technische Universität Berlin, Marchstr.18, 10587 Berlin, Germany
2 Energy Engineering Department, Campus El Gouna, Technische Universität Berlin, Marchstr.18, 10587 Berlin, Germany
3 Chair of Exergy-based methods for refrigeration systems, Technische Universität Berlin, Marchstr.18, 10587 Berlin, Germany
4 Chair of Energy Engineering and Environmental Protection, Technische Universität Berlin, Marchstr. 18, 10587 Berlin, Germany
Advanced exergy-based analyses provide the information for potential of improvement of energy- conversion systems from exergetic, economic and environmental point of view. These analyses are applied to Cryogenic-based Energy Storage (CES) also known as Liquid Air Energy Storage (LAES). Advantages such as (a) lack of geographical restrictions, (b) low environmental impact and the fact that it is (c) based on mature technology, drive further the research on this energy storage system. An adiabatic LAES system charged with Heylandt liquefaction of air process is analysed. Parameters such as exergy destruction, investment cost, cost associated with the exergy destruction, as well as the environmental impact associated with the thermodynamic irreversibilities are split into avoidable/unavoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts. Aspen Plus® software was used to simulate the LAES system and Engineering Equation Solver was used to conduct the conventional and advanced exergy-based analyses. The dependence of the improvement of each component with the rest of the system was found and all components present higher exogenous exergy destruction than endogenous. The component with the highest potential for improvement is the main heat exchanger in the discharge unit. Focusing on improvement of the components that were found to be the most inefficient ones with the highest exergy destruction, CES is expected to become thermodynamically and economically feasible.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.