E3S Web Conf.
Volume 141, 20202019 Research, Invention, and Innovation Congress (RI2C 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environment and Energy Technology|
|Published online||10 January 2020|
Catalytic Cracking of Heavy Oil from Waste Plastic in Tapered Circulating Fluidized Bed Riser Reactor
Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok,
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Because of the continuous increase in the amount of plastic waste, catalytic cracking is an interesting method that could be used to convert heavy oil from thermal cracking of plastic waste into fuel. The objective of this study was to investigate the hydrodynamic behavior and the performance of catalytic cracking of heavy oil in a circulating fluidized bed reactor using computational fluid dynamics. The two– fluid model incorporated with the kinetic theory of granular flow was applied to predict the hydrodynamic behavior with a reactive flow. Three reactor geometries were studied, which included a conventional riser, tapered–out riser, and tapered–in riser. The four–lump kinetic model was used to describe the catalytic cracking of heavy oil from waste plastic. A core–annulus flow pattern was found in the three reactor geometries. The solid fraction distribution of the tapered reactor was found to be more uniform than that of the conventional riser. The tapered–in riser showed the highest heavy oil conversion with the lowest gasoline selectivity. However, the heavy oil conversion and gasoline selectivity of the conventional and tapered–out reactors were not significantly different.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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