E3S Web Conf.
Volume 146, 2020The 2019 International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (SCA 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Unconventionals and Shales|
|Published online||05 February 2020|
Using Capillary Condensation and Evaporation Isotherms to Investigate Confined Fluid Phase Behavior in Shales
1 Center of Innovation for Flow through Porous Media, Petroleum Engineering Department, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA
2 Aramco Services Company, Aramco Research Center-Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The abundance of nanopores (pores with diameters between 2 and 100 nm) in shale and ultra-tight reservoirs precludes the use of common pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) analyses on reservoir fluids. The small sizes of the pores cause capillary condensation, which is a nanoconfinement-induced gas-to-liquid phase change, that can occur at pressures more than 50% below the corresponding bulk phase change of the fluid due to strong fluid-pore wall interactions. We quantify this phenomenon by measuring propane isotherms both in a synthetic nanoporous medium and a core from a shale gas reservoir. Comparison of our results in the two porous media indicates the occurrence of capillary condensation in shale rock. At the same time, we observe capillary condensation hysteresis for shale, in which the density of the fluid is significantly lighter during desorption than adsorption. This indicates structural changes to the rock matrix caused by the phase behavior of the confined fluid. We use scanning electron microscopy to corroborate our findings. These results have significant implications for determining the PVT properties, porosity, and permeability of shale and ultra-tight formations for use in reservoir modeling and production estimations.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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