E3S Web Conf.
Volume 148, 2020The 6th Environmental Technology and Management Conference (ETMC) in conjunction with The 12th AUN/SEED-Net Regional Conference on Environmental Engineering (RC EnvE) 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Water Resource Conversation|
|Published online||05 February 2020|
Fate and spatial distribution of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in the water column and in the surface sediment of Indonesian Estuary (Citarum River Estuary)
1 Master’s Program of Environmental Engineering Department, Institute Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung
2 Environmental Management Technology Research Group, Environmental Engineering Department, Institute Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10 Bandung
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Citarum River Estuary is an area where mixing among seawater and freshwater occurs since directly connected with the Java Sea. The different condition in estuary will affect heavy metal concentrations in the dissolved phase and suspended/deposited in sediment phase. In this study, fates and distributions from Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn were analyzed along 2 km from estuary mouth. Samples were analyzed by Flame AAS. The study began with water/sediment quality assessments, and fate and distribution analyses with Adsorption Capacity Indices (ACI), Dissolved Transport Indice (DTI), Koc, Kow, spatial distribution in water (3D) and sediment (2D) using MATLAB, and statistical analysis (ANOVA/Kruskal-Wallis). In conclusion, heavy metals sequence from the highest pollution level in water were: Zn > Pb > Cu > Cd, and in sediment were: Cd > Pb > Zn > Cu. Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn had a tendency to be in sediment compared to water (ACI = 99.69% – 99.89%; DTI = 0.109% – 0.309%), slightly mobile (log Koc = 3.11 – 3.58), and hydrophobic (log Kow = 3.35 – 3.87). Pb and Cd showed significantly different concentrations in water columns (surface/midst/base) (p<0.05), in contrast to Cu and Zn. Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn had insignificant concentration difference based on zone division from estuary mouth, both in water and sediment.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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