E3S Web Conf.
Volume 150, 2020The Seventh International Congress “Water, Waste and Environment” (EDE7-2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Waste Treatment and Recovery Channels|
|Published online||12 February 2020|
Domestic wastewater treatment by vertical filter planted with Papyrus Cyperus: the plant adaptation in the new environment
1 Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Mohammedia, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco
2 National Office of Electricity and Potable Water (ONEE), Rabat, Morocco
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The wastewater from rural areas or small agglomerations usually discharged in an unsuitable manner requires an appropriate treatment. The constructed wetland has revealed a great potential due to the good performance, reasonable investment and easier management. The aim of this article is to present the results of the adaptation period (45 days) of a substitute plant, Papyrus Cyperus, in the new environment. Investigations were carried out on a concrete vertical filter of 12 m2 filled with gravel available on the local market. Monitoring was provided mainly through two squares of 1 m2 each. The results were compared with a control square planted in natural soil. The filter and the control square were planted with a density of 3 plants / m2 and were fed by necessary water needs. At the completion of the adaptation phase, the density increased by 26 stems at each Square of the filter. The stems exceeded 1 m in height (Square 1: 110 cm ± 0.9, Square 2: 123.5 cm ± 0.7 and control Square: 113 cm ± 0.9). The mean perimeter exceeded 5 cm at the filter (square 1: 5.6 cm ± 0.5 and square 2: 5.5 cm ± 0.1) and almost 4 cm in the control square (3.7 cm ± 0, 2). The shoots reached during the last half of the adaptation period 20 shoots in the Squares of the filter and 16 shoots in the control square. It should be noted that the young stems are adapted quickly than the older ones. Papyrus Cyperus plants have completed this phase with good health (absence of disease symptoms) and organ development similar to control plants.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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