E3S Web Conf.
Volume 234, 2021The International Conference on Innovation, Modern Applied Science & Environmental Studies (ICIES2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||02 February 2021|
Fecal pollution indicators removal by a vertical Multi-Soil-Layering system in domestic wastewater in Morocco
1 Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Qualities, Faculty of Sciences, University IbnTofail of Kenitra, BP: 133, 14000 Kenitra Morocco
2 Laboratory of Natural Resources Management and Development Team, Health and Environment, Faculty of Science, Moulay Ismail University Meknes, Morocco
3 Agroecology and Environment Team, National School of Agriculture, Moulay Ismail University Meknes, Morocco
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of this study is to evaluate the ability of the vertical Multi-Soil-Layering filter (V-MSL) to remove indicators of fecal pollution from domestic wastewater under Moroccan conditions. To do this, a V-MSL filter measuring 20 cm deep, 60 cm wide, 78 cm high was installed near the guardian's house of the Razi’s middle school in Meknes to treat domestic wastewater. Three hydraulic loads (250 L/m2/day, 350 L/m2/day and 500 L/m2/day) were tested. This filter showed an average reduction of (97.5 ± 0.3)%, (97.7 ± 0.4)% and (96.0 ± 0.7)%, for total coliforms, fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci, respectively. The performance of the filter was not affected a lot when changing the hydraulic head from 250 L/m2/day to 500 L/m2/day. The bacterial load concentrations at the filter outlet are slightly higher than the WHO recommended standard (1000 CFU / 100mL) for reuse of wastewater in irrigation. To remedy this situation, we recommend the adoption of the principle of treatment of excreta at the source by the use of dry toilets and the treatment of gray water only by the V-MSL filter.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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