E3S Web Conf.
Volume 150, 2020The Seventh International Congress “Water, Waste and Environment” (EDE7-2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Geosciences and Environmental Culture|
|Published online||12 February 2020|
Treatment and reinforcement of the loose sands of the city of Kenitra
1 3GIE Laboratory, Mohammadia Engineering School, Mohammed V University Rabat, Morocco
2 LPEE Public Laboratory for tests and studies, Morocco
The Kenitra city belongs to the Rharb-Mamora domain, which is affected by a continuous subsidence from the Middle Vindobonien to the present day. The sedimentary cycle of the tertiary era ends at the Pliocene, characterized by regressive character deposits identified in outcrop at the margins of the basin: They are conglomerates in the North, yellow sands in the East, sands and sandstone in the South-East. These sandy deposits vary from more or less clayey sand to greying sand, with the appearance of a very loose sand layer, at varying depths. It is with this directive that the objective of this article is to define the risks, which may affect the works built on this soil, and also determine the actions to be taken to control these risks. As a first step, an experimental approach was carried out, including in situ and laboratory tests in order to identify these formations and define their mechanical behavior. Then, the results of geotechnical survey were analyzed and exploited in calculations of bearing capacity, settlement, liquefaction,… eventually resulting in the necessity of treatment and reinforcement of this soil. These approaches have shown that there are several soil reinforcement techniques, the choice of which depends on the granulometry of soil and the cost of project.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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