E3S Web Conf.
Volume 151, 2020The 1st International Conference on Veterinary, Animal, and Environmental Sciences (ICVAES 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||14 February 2020|
Material Types of Breeding Container of Dengue Vectors in Kuta Alam Sub-District Banda Aceh City
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, 23111 Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2 School of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Aedes-borne arboviruses have emerged as an important public health problem throughout the world where Aedes spp. are the vectors responsible for this disease. This study was conducted to identify the material types of breeding containers of Aedes spp. larvae as one of the baseline data for Kuta Alam SubDistrict and to suggest suitable Aedes prevention and control strategies. Larvae were identified morphologically and larval indices were also calculated. A total of 2436 containers out of 14 types of containers observed during study periods. The positive breeding containers were surveyed and classified into indoors and outdoors environments. The material of positive breeding container types found was classified into six categories; cement, ceramic, plastic, metal, rubber and glass. As many as 450 of the 2436 potential containers included in the survey, half of the positive containers are cement and plastic materials which represent 80% of the total both in rural and urban areas, indoors and outdoors environment. It was followed by ceramic (15%), metal (3%) and rubber (1%). Aedes spp. larvae were most abundant in cement and plastic material. Therefore, community mobilization towards eliminating human-made containers, either indoor or outdoor, is vital for the dengue control program.
Key words: Aedes spp / arbovirus / dengue / material type
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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