E3S Web Conf.
Volume 157, 2020Key Trends in Transportation Innovation (KTTI-2019)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Sustainable Transport and Eco-Friendly Fuels|
|Published online||20 March 2020|
Calculation of solid-state cargo fastener under the influence of longitudinal forces
Tashkent Railway Engineering Institute, Temirylchilar Str., 1, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan
2 Ural State University of Railway Transport, Kolmogorov Str., 66, Yekaterinburg, 620034, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cargo securing on a railway platform, elastic and retention fasteners, longitudinal transport force of inertia, forces in elastic fastenings. Purpose: The paper presents the calculation of the longitudinal transport force of inertia; determines the longitudinal force perceived by the elastic elements of the cargo securing; determines the reactions of retention bars depending on the number of bars and fasteners (nail); calculates the sum of all holding forces; calculates the forces in the elastic fasteners when exposed to longitudinal forces. Research methods: To determine the forces in the cargo securing devices, existing calculation methods are used. Moreover, the formulas of these techniques are presented in a form convenient for calculation. Main results: The paper proves that according to the existing method, the force in all elastic cargo fasteners under the influence of longitudinal forces has the same value, regardless of the different arrangement of the geometric parameters of the fasteners in space. The forces in them are more than 1.6 times higher than the permissible values. The calculations of forces in the elastic fasteners, which are performed by the specified method, are given. The results of the comparative analysis showed that the forces in all wire fasteners, in contrast to the existing calculation method, have different values. However, the strength of the second pair of wire fasteners of both one and the other direction is not ensured - the force in them more than two times exceeds the permissible value (61/24.8≈2.5), which will result in their destruction during the cargo transportation. Conclusions and their significance for the industry: Existing calculation methods do not provide guarantee strength of cargo fasteners. In the future, to calculate the fastening of cargo by shippers in the railway industry, a new calculation procedure should be applied for the allocation and fastening of cargo on the car.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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