E3S Web Conf.
Volume 164, 2020Topical Problems of Green Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering 2019 (TPACEE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Energy Efficiency in Transportation|
|Published online||05 May 2020|
Incorrectness of the method of calculating cargo fastening on railway platforms
1 Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov, University Str., 2, 100174, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 Tashkent Railway Engineering Institute, Temirylchilar Str., 1, 100167, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Inaccuracy of the existing methodology for calculating cargo fastening. Cargo fastening by flexible and retention elements. The paper should define the “shearing” force across the car as the sum of the transverse transport inertia and wind load, taking into account the safety factor from tipping over; determine the transverse force perceived by the means of securing the load, taking into account the reaction of the retention bars of only one direction; calculate the forces in the elastic fasteners when exposed to shearing forces, taking into account the geometry of the fasteners according to existing methods. The research methods are based on the basic law of dynamics for the relative motion of a material point, where the transverse and vertical transferring inertia forces are formally assigned to external forces. The paper proves that according to the existing methodology, the force in all elastic cargo fasteners under the influence of transverse forces has the same value, regardless of the different arrangement of the geometric parameters of the fasteners in space. This is not true. The calculations of forces in the elastic fastening elements according to Appendix 8 of the existing methodology are given. Under the influence of transverse forces, the strength of the first and second pairs of elastic fasteners, both one and the other direction, are not provided by the method of Appendix 8 - the forces in the fasteners are greater than the permissible one (24.8 kN). Existing calculation methods do not ensure the strength of the cargo fastening elements.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
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