E3S Web Conf.
Volume 159, 2020The 1st International Conference on Business Technology for a Sustainable Environmental System (BTSES-2020)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Chapter 1: Global Environmental Change and Environmental Management|
|Published online||24 March 2020|
Functional deviations of the cardiovascular system in children of the Aral Sea
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, al-Farabi Ave. 71, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan
2 Scientific Center of pediatrics and child Surgery, al-Farabi Ave. 146, 050060 Almaty, Kazakhstan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The study is devoted to the influence of disadvantages of the ecological disaster region Aral Sea on the state of the cardiovascular system in children. In 55.2% of cases, autonomic dysfunction was detected, mainly in girls of pre- and puberty age (80.8%). In 39.4% of children in the Aral Sea region hypotension was diagnosed as adaptive in 81.2% and pathological hypotension in 18.8% of cases with the initial vagotonic vegetative status according to cardiointervalography (94.6%). In children with arterial hypotension, there was a decline in the quality of life due to fatigue syndrome, cephalgia, reduced activity and deterioration of cognitive abilities. Cardiac pathology was manifested in 55.2% of cases in the form of impaired automatism of the sinus node (sinus arrhythmia, tachi and bradyarrhythmias) - 54.6%, conduction disorders (incomplete blockade of the right leg of the bundle of His) in 43.3% of cases. The identified pathology shows the need to provide comprehensive medical and social assistance to the children of the Aral Sea, along with solving environmental and economic problems of the region.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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