E3S Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2020IV Vinogradov Conference “Hydrology: from Learning to Worldview” in Memory of Outstanding Russian Hydrologist Yury Vinogradov
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Hazardous Hydrological Phenomena: Predictability and Assessment|
|Published online||17 April 2020|
Causes and consequences of the streambed restructuring of the Koiavgan Creek (North Caucasus, Russia)
Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory 1, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromonetny st. 29-4, 119017 Moscow, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The restructuring of the lower reach of the Koiavgan Creek channel (the right bank tributary of the Djankuat River) occurred on 1 July 2015 after continuous rainfall with a total precipitation amount of 227 mm. This led to the breakthrough of the Djankuat Glacier lateral moraine. The lower reach of the creek channel was initially formed at the junction of the bedrock slopes and lateral moraine and descended sharply at the end of the moraine to a wide glacial valley of the Djankuat River. The part of the channel from the end of the moraine line to the creek’s outlet in the bottom of the glacial valley had a height difference of 125 m at a distance of about 250 m. The active landslide has been recorded in the place of future breakthrough based on interpretation of 2014 summer satellite image. The linear erosion began to form on the wall of the disruption. Thermokarst processes probably also contributed to this breakthrough. The total volume of sediment eroded during the breakthrough and for four years after is 156 500 m3. The breakthrough has formed the largest sediment cone 300 meters wide and more than 200 m long in the bottom of the Djankuat River valley.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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