E3S Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2020IV Vinogradov Conference “Hydrology: from Learning to Worldview” in Memory of Outstanding Russian Hydrologist Yury Vinogradov
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Hazardous Hydrological Phenomena: Predictability and Assessment|
|Published online||17 April 2020|
Geocryological conditions triggering thermokarst processes in Central Yakutia
Saint-Petersburg State University, 199034 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
2 State Hydrological Institute, 199053 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
3 Melnikov Permafrost Institute, 677010 Yakutsk, Russia
4 Perm State University, 614990 Perm, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The use of the Central Yakutia Landsat images revealed an increase in the area of thermokarst lakes by two times for the Suola and Taatta River basins and a quarter times in the Tanda River basin during the period 2000-2019. The abrupt increase in the lakes area is due to shortterm periods of abnormal rising in the active layer temperature, which are caused by high values of snow water equivalent and total annual precipitation. Increased soil moisture and the warming effect of snow cover led to the decrease of the intensity of soil freezing and increase of the temperature of the ground top layer. The combination of these factors triggered the activation of thermokarst processes, which led to a sharp, more than 1.5 times, increase of the thermokarst lakes area in 2007-2008.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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