E3S Web Conf.
Volume 167, 20202020 11th International Conference on Environmental Science and Development (ICESD 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||24 April 2020|
An OpenFOAM simulation of the natural ventilation system in a university chemical laboratory
Technical University of Ambato (UTA) School of Food Science and Engineering. Ambato (Ecuador)
2 Technical University of Ambato (UTA) School of Systems, Electronics and Industrial Engineering. Ambato (Ecuador)
3 HES WELL CORDINATOR SCHLUMBERGER SPM-SHAYA, Quito (Ecuador)
4 Technical University of Ambato (UTA) School of Mechanical Engineering. Ambato (Ecuador)
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The indoor airflow with a natural ventilation system was numerically calculated using the laminar and turbulent approach. In the chemical laboratory of the Technical University of Ambato, the computational code OpenFoam demonstrated an ability to numerically predict flow patterns. The design contemplated the natural ventilation system considering the laboratories’ working conditions not only in summer, but also in a winter week. These two operating conditions are calculated on a fully open and closed environment. For a room with a capacity of 20 people, the climate data average values were recorded at 14.0 ° C, 81.7%, 1.7 m /s for temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed, respectively. Furthermore, the demonstration has shown that the homogeneous occupancy air speed average is was 0.7 m / s with a facade air intake of 1.0 m / s 0.6 m / s in the room valid for the exchange of air and evacuation of pollutants. The maximum pressures were found in the lower part of the laboratory. This prevents the modification of the thermo-hygrometric conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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