E3S Web Conf.
Volume 172, 202012th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics (NSB 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Material properties measurement|
|Published online||30 June 2020|
Effect of superabsorbent polymer admixtures on hygric and thermal properties of cement mortar
Department of Materials Engineering and Chemistry, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Thákurova 7, Prague 6, 160 00, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Materials known as superabsorbent polymers (SAP) or hydrogels are currently used in quite a few applications, ranging from diapers or napkins to nutrient carriers and soil conditioners. The great ability of SAPs to absorb and hold a significant amount of water can be utilized well also in the construction sector. For instance, SAPs can serve as effective admixtures for mitigation of autogenous shrinkage of high-performance concrete, frost protection, or cracks sealing. In this paper, basic physical, hygric and thermal properties of cement mortars containing superabsorbent polymer admixtures are analyzed. Basic physical characteristics are measured using the water vacuum saturation method and helium pycnometry. Moisture diffusivity is determined by utilizing the results of water sorptivity measurements, water vapor diffusion permeability is measured by the cup method. Sorption isotherms are determined by the desiccator method in the range of relative humidity of 11% – 96%. Thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity are measured by pulse method. Experimental results show a very significant dependence of all hygric and thermal parameters on the SAP dosage in the mix.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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