E3S Web Conf.
Volume 174, 2020Vth International Innovative Mining Symposium
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environment Problems in Mining Regions|
|Published online||18 June 2020|
Physico-chemical properties of peatland located in the impact zone of municipal landfill
1 Main School of Fire Service, 01-629, 52/54 Slowackiego str., Warsaw, Poland
2 Lviv State University of Life Safety, 79000, 35 Kleparivska str., Lviv, Ukraine
The results of studies of peat located in the impact zone of municipal landfill are presented. It is established that according to the peat genetic horizons profile the distribution of the mobile fractions of heavy metals is manifested in a gradual decrease with depth. The content of heavy metals (manganese, copper, zinc, lead, cobalt, mercury) in the peat does not exceed the MAC, except for cadmium, which is spread by waste from the landfill. The source of cadmium in landfills is waste containing lacquers and paints, fluorescent lamps, batteries etc. Cadmium sulfide is the basis for yellow paints used in vehicle dyeing, textile production, soap making. Peat is characterized as very poor in micromycetes distribution. Some micromycetes detected are indicators of high mineral content and low heavy metal content. Analysis of peat micromycetes by growth rate showed that the slowest growing micromycetes owns the largest proportion - 70%. The distribution by color showed that dark-colored micromycetes of the Moniliaceae, characterized by toxicity, predominate. According to the humus reserve, peat is slightly humus. It is not recommended to use such peat for crop cultivation. Instead, peat can be a source of fuel under conditions of industrial development and compliance with existing rules and state standards.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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