E3S Web Conf.
Volume 175, 2020XIII International Scientific and Practical Conference “State and Prospects for the Development of Agribusiness – INTERAGROMASH 2020”
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Plant Growing and Cereal Grain|
|Published online||29 June 2020|
Methodological approach to grain yield planning
Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, 1, Sennaya str., 390000, Ryazan, Russia
2 Ryazan State Agrotechnological University by P.A. Kostycheva, 1, Kostycheva str., 390044, Ryazan, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The global problems of mankind, especially in recent decades, have an increasing impact on the agrarian sphere of activity of any country, including Russia. In modern conditions, the strategic goals outlined for increasing the productivity and sustainability of agricultural production in the agricultural sector of the country should be solved comprehensively within the framework of adaptive landscape farming, taking into account specific soil-climatic, organizational, economic, environmental and other factors. The concept of “maximum possible grain yield” will always change upward with increasing intensification of agriculture, maintaining soil fertility, creating and introducing highly productive varieties, using a mineral nutrition system, as well as means of protection against pests and diseases, etc. The article establishes the conditions under which it is necessary to focus on obtaining the planned yield, the dependence of the possible yield on the utilization factor of photosynthetic activity and radiation for the growing season is provided. Based on the determination of the yield, a set of measures and techniques is developed to obtain a planned crop and an organization chart is proposed on the problem of planning grains. According to the results of the research, the dependence of the crop cost on the level of optimal planning is provided.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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