E3S Web Conf.
Volume 175, 2020XIII International Scientific and Practical Conference “State and Prospects for the Development of Agribusiness – INTERAGROMASH 2020”
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Organic Farming and Soil Management|
|Published online||29 June 2020|
Expanded obsidian as a soil aerator, its porosity, physical and mechanical characteristics
National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, 105 Teryan Street, 0009. Yerevan, Republic of Armenia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Today, the decline in soil fertility progress, therefore, special attention paid to the search for new, including non-traditional sources of raw materials that allow cultivating agricultural crops. It is propose to use expanded obsidian as a soil aerator. Obsidian is a volcanic rock, consisting of volcanic glass in which water content does not exceed 1%. A characteristic feature of this stone is the ability to expand under heat treatment. The expansion of obsidian is possible to implement at temperatures of 1050… 1150 °C. It has been shown that due to obsidian expansion it is possible to obtain a light porous filler with an average density of 200… 350 kg/m3, where the heat treatment of 5… 10 mm grains should be performed under temperatures from 1050 to 1150°C, during 3…5 minutes. The mechanical strength of the expanded obsidian is due to the thickness of the internal partitions of the pores and depends on the total porosity. Increased porosity decreases the strength of the expanded obsidian grains as the internal partitions of the pores become thinner. Relatively high mechanical strength develop grains with less porosity, ie lower coefficient of expansion. At the same time, the nature of the external surface of the grain has a significant influence on the mechanical strength. The melted surface,under other equal conditions provides mechanical strength increase of the expanded obsidian.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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