E3S Web Conf.
Volume 175, 2020XIII International Scientific and Practical Conference “State and Prospects for the Development of Agribusiness – INTERAGROMASH 2020”
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Training Personnel for The Agricultural Sector|
|Published online||29 June 2020|
The evolution of the institutional structure of the agricultural education in Russia
Don State Technical University, 1 Gagarin sq., 344003, Rostov on Don, Russia
2 Southern Federal University, 105/42, B. Sadovaya Str., 344006, Rostov on Don, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article is devoted to the analysis of the history of the formation of agricultural education in Russia. On the basis of the analysis of historical data, documents on creation of educational institutions and statistical data dynamics of emergence of new agricultural lowest schools, secondary schools, academies and institutes is established. It is shown that the first agricultural institutions were established in the 18th century with the participation of the great Russian scientist M. Lomonosov with the support of the Emperor. The first agricultural schools used foreign experience. A total of three agricultural schools were established. However, in the future there was a transition to training without the participation of foreigners. An analysis of the development of the education system in the 19th century found that the institutional structure changed significantly towards the emergence of institutions and academies. Model farms, model estates and new training areas have appeared personnel for horticulture, agronomists, beekeepers, horse breeders, etc. Private initiatives have facilitated the opening of new specialties. The state opened new specialized academies and faculties in polytechnic institutes. It is shown that traditions of improving the institutional system of training of personnel persist in modernRussia.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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