E3S Web Conf.
Volume 176, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “From Inertia to Develop: Research and Innovation Support to Agriculture” (IDSISA 2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Actual Problems of Veterinary Medicine|
|Published online||22 June 2020|
Efficiency of growing crossbreed bull-calves of the mountain cattle with Russian polled breed
1 Vologda Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, North-Western Research Institute of dairy and grassland farming, 160555, Lenin St., 14, Molochnyy rural settlement, Vologda, Russia
2 Samara State Agrarian University, 446442, Uchebnyy St., 1, Ust’-Kinel’skiy, Samara region, Russia
3 Federal Agrarian Scientific Center of the Republic of Dagestan, 367950, Makhachkala, Dagestan region, Russia
4 Dagestan State Agrarian University, 367032, Magomed Gadzhiev St., 180, Makhachkala, Dagestan region, Russia
The article presents the results of cross-breeding of mountain cattle with Russian polled breed. The growth and development of the crossbreed and purebred bull-calves of these breeds in the mountainous province of Dagestan have been studied in a comparative aspect. Efficiency of highland pastures use by crossbreed animals in comparison with pure-bred mountain peers has been established. The young cattle was grown according to the technology of meat cattle breeding “cow — calf”. In ablactation, the crossbred bull-calves had a living weight of 191.3 kg versus 159.3 kg in peers of mountain cattle. This figure was higher by 32.0 kg or 20.1% compared to purebred bull-calves of mountain cattle. At 12 months of age, the crossbred animals were also superior in living weight in comparison of young mountain cattle by 40.1 kg or 18.4%. According to this indicator, the advantage in crossbred animals at 15 months of age remained. The live mass of crossbred bull-calves at 18 months of age equaled to 399.5 kg against 332.6 kg of purebred mountain peers, the difference in favor of the former was 66.9 kg or 20.1%. Average daily growth of crossbreed bull-calves during the growing period was 122 grams or 20.8% higher. Young crossbred cattle had a clear advantage in terms of physique. Heavy carcasses with high slaughter yield were obtained from it. The conducted studies indicate the effectiveness of cross-breeding of mountain cattle with Russian polled breed in the mountainous province of Dagestan.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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