E3S Web Conf.
Volume 193, 2020International Conference on Modern Trends in Manufacturing Technologies and Equipment (ICMTMTE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||08 October 2020|
The optimisation of the cylinder-spiral soil-cultivating roller
Ulyanovsk State Agrarian University named after P.A. Stolypin, Ulyanovsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Designed cylinder-tillage spiral skating rink with spiral work items, which form a fine lumpy structure of the sowing layer of soil with grain size corresponding to agrotechnical requirements, while helping the soil surface, mulching the top layer of soil over the seeds, seal the depth of their placement, providing the required contact of seeds with soil is necessary to ensure the uniformity of germination. At the theoretical level, it is determined that an increase in the pinching angle leads to an increase in the size of the hollow smooth pipe of the roller. This occurs while increasing the depth of deformation of the layer of crushed soil and the radius of the clump of soil. However, a change in the radius of a hollow smooth roller of more than 0.3 m does not lead to a slight increase in the pinching angle. Therefore, increasing the radius of the hollow smooth roller over 0.3 m is not rational, as it will increase the metal content of the structure. After analyzing the obtained mathematical models of the soil treatment process with a roller, we optimized the parameters of a cylindrical-spiral roller: speed of 11 km/h, mass of ballasting loads of 100 kg, step of the spiral turn of 40 mm, and the departure of the spiral screw of 35 mm. These modes ensure the formation of a qualitatively compacted soil layer in the zone of planting seeds of agricultural crops, which is confirmed by the maximum value of the processing quality criterion for matching the density of the soil after rolling with a cylindrical-spiral roller CCS = 0.98 (while the density of the sown layer addition 1185...1215 kg/m3), which fully satisfies the agrotechnical optimum. The yield of barley of the Nutans-553 variety became higher after the use of an innovative cylindrical-spiral roller by 6.4 % and 9.3 %, respectively, of the yield after the impact of serial ККSh rollers and ring rollers of the seeding machine. In the course of evaluating the metal consumption of structures of the innovative cylindrical-spiral roller and the ring-spur roller, a difference of 70% per unit width of the grip was revealed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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