E3S Web Conf.
Volume 193, 2020International Conference on Modern Trends in Manufacturing Technologies and Equipment (ICMTMTE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Ecology and Labor Protection|
|Published online||08 October 2020|
Influence of vehicle emissions on the male generative system of Aesculus hippocastanum L.
Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University named after Fevzi Yakubov, Department of Biology, Ecology and Life Safety, 295015, Simferopol, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article presents the results of a study of the impact of vehicle emissions on populations of Aesculus hippocastanum L. growing along roads with different traffic intensities. It was found that in areas of heavy vehicle traffic there is an increased level of abortive pollen production. Plant populations increasing the formation of damaged gametes with increasing anthropogenic load on phytocoenoses can be used for phytoindication of the environmental pollution degree. In areas with heavy traffic, pollutants have an average toxic effect on the gametogenesis of Aesculus hippocastanum L. The quality and degree of damage to the pollen zone formed by plants can serve as a bio-test of the mutagenic effect of environmental factors that have a modifying effect on male gametophyte of higher plants.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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