E3S Web Conf.
Volume 194, 20202020 5th International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environment Research (ICAEER 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Environmental Engineering, Ecological Environment and Urban Construction|
|Published online||15 October 2020|
Research on Dynamic Monitoring and Ecological Restoration of Mining Environment in the Source Region of the Yellow River
China Aero Geophysical Survey and Remote Sensing Center for Natural Resources, 100083 Beijing, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The source region of the Yellow River is facing with problems of local ecosystem degradation and reduction of water conservation function, and the ecological environment in the source region of the Yellow River is fragile. Mining development is one of the key factors affecting the ecological environment in the source region of the Yellow River. Based on the high-resolution remote sensing satellite data of 2015 and 2018, this paper carried out the monitoring of the current situation and dynamic changes of the mine environment in the source region. The results show that the main mine environmental problems, caused by mining development, in the source region are land excavation and land occupation, and the growth rate is pretty fast. At present, the recovery rate of mines is low, only 25.24%. According to the present situation of mining environment, regional physical geography and other factors, the mine damaged land in the source region of the Yellow River is divided into three types: the natural restoration areas, the general restoration areas and the key restoration areas. The ecological restoration of mines in the source region should adhere to the strategy of taking measures according to local conditions, and offer specific ecological restoration proposals for each type of areas. The ecological restoration of mines in the source region should focus on water conservation, strengthen the restoration of stocking mine damaged land, study the permitting mechanism of mining activities, and reinforce the function of regional ecological protection.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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