E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Experimental Evidence and Techniques|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
A physical model for the interaction between unsaturated soils and retaining structures
1 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, EPFL, Laboratory of Soil Mechanics. LMS, Station 18, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2 Università degli Studi di Palermo, Engineering Department, Italy
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Temporary and permanent retaining structures interact with soils that are usually in unsaturated conditions. In this work, a 1g-scale physical model is presented to investigate the interactions between retaining walls and unsaturated soils. The physical model is equipped with a water-filled hydraulic cylinder connected to a pressure-volume controller to measure the horizontal component of the later earth thrust and high capacity tensiometers to measure soil matric suction. A system of low-friction linear guideways has been installed at the base of the wall-model. The failure surface is observed through a 3 cm thick glass wall on one side of the container. A series of images are acquired during the tests, and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique has been used to identify the displacement field. Selected test results on a fine sandy soil are presented, emphasizing the differences in the lateral thrust between dry and partially saturated conditions. The presented results show the impact of the partially saturated condition on both the magnitude of the horizontal component of the lateral earth thrust and the failure mechanism at active state.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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