E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Experimental Evidence and Techniques|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
Monitoring drying and wetting of a cement bentonite mixture with Electrical Resistivity Tomography
1 Politecnico di Torino, DISEG. Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
2 Politecnico di Milano, DICA, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milano, Italy
* e-mail: email@example.com
Cement bentonite slurry cutoff walls are used to encapsulate pollutants within contaminated areas, so avoiding their spreading in the environment. In both temperate and arid climates, at shallow depths, slurry walls are exposed to interaction with the atmosphere and thus to relative humidity values which might induce desaturation and significant shrinkage. This note presents the main results of a study aimed at investigating the impact of drying processes on the integrity and the hydraulic performance of cement bentonite slurry walls. Cement bentonite samples were cured under water for different times (1 months, 2 months and 4 months) and then dried naturally by exposing them to the laboratory environment (T = 21 °C, relative humidity approximately 38%). Once dried, the bottom of the samples was placed in contact with a thin layer of water to induce wetting. The distribution of the electrical conductivity within these samples was evaluated through Electrical Resistivity Tomography measurements, and electrical conductivity maps were converted then into maps of water contents on basis of a phenomenological relationship. The reconstructed water contents compared very well to the measured ones. Drying induced a limited cracking of the samples, which might affect to some extent the hydraulic performance of the barriers.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
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